Cancer

Cancer is a condition where cells in a specific part of the body grow and reproduce uncontrollably. The cancerous cells can invade and destroy surrounding healthy tissue, including organs.

Cancer sometimes begins in one part of the body before spreading to other areas. This process is known as metastasis.

There are over 200 different types of cancer, each with its own methods of diagnosis and treatment.

Spotting signs of cancer

Changes to your body's normal processes or symptoms that are out of the ordinary can sometimes be an early sign of cancer. For example, a lump that suddenly appears on your body, unexplained bleeding or changes to your bowel habits are all symptoms that need to be checked by a doctor.

In many cases, your symptoms won't be related to cancer and will be caused by other, non-cancerous health conditions. However, it's still important for you to see your GP so that they can investigate your symptoms.

Reducing your risk of cancer

Making some simple changes to your lifestyle can significantly reduce your risk of developing cancer.

For example, healthy eating, taking regular exercise and not smoking will help lower your risk.

How common is cancer?

Cancer is a very common condition. More than one in three people will develop some form of cancer during their lifetime.

The four most common types of cancer are:

  • Breast cancer
  • Lung cancer 
  • Prostate cancer
  • Bowel cancer

Cancer treatment

Surgery is the primary treatment option for most types of cancer, because solid tumours can usually be surgically removed.

Two other commonly used treatment methods are chemotherapy (powerful cancer-killing medication) and radiotherapy (the controlled use of high-energy X-rays).

If you require further information about cancer please consult your GP, CarePlus pharmacist or visit the HSE.ie website (National Cancer Control Programme)